about WW2 history in short terms. The progress of WW2 (World War II) can be measured
in two periods, 1939 - 1945, or 1937 - 1945 taking into account the
Japanese invasion of China (the second Sino-Japanese war). WW2 lasted more than 5 ½ years in Europe. This page details significant
events during WW2 and is naturally not a complete account of
Important facts and information for WW2 history was gathered
from a variety of sources and prepared in terms of clarity. This article
is divided into four sections in order to present the information in the
most meaningful way possible.
WW2 history - start -
WW2 history - the turning of the war -
WW2 history - landing, retreat and surrender -
WW2 history - chronology -
German attack of Poland on September 1st 1939 (see WW2 begins), the German fighting style of Blitzkrieg was at the forefront.
1939 - 1941-42 is largely characterized by a series of German
blitzkriegs (“lightning war”) waged on neighbouring states. It was not
until later that the German army advanced to countries further afield,
such as North Africa and the Soviet Union.
WW2 History - the turning of the war -
part of WW2 history roughly spans the period from 1942 - 1943.
One can describe this period as ‘the turning of the war’. The German
army, previously advancing with ease, found their progress halted,
whether in Africa or the Soviet Union. The winter of 1941/2 saw the end
of the advance on Moscow, and the following summer of 1942 saw German
ambitions in Africa thwarted.
of WW2 history also sees the surrender of the German 6th Army
at Stalingrad, followed by the German Afrika Corp just two months later
on May 13th 1943.
landed in Sicily shortly after, in July 1943. WW2 history was
progressing into its third and final section.
WW2 History - landing, retreat and surrender -
and final stage of WW2 history can be viewed as the end-stage,
with the landing of the Allies in Italy and France and the fall of the
German Reich. This stage began in 1943, when the Allies started with air
raids on German cities during the day. The first German city to fall to
advancing Allies was Aachen.
were soon closing in on Berlin, occupying major cities on the war such
as Warsaw. Dresden was mostly destroyed after a two-day air raid by
Great Britain. In Asia, American air raids destroyed more than a quarter
of Tokyo’s buildings. On April 16th 1945 the Soviet Union’s Red Army
started their attack on Berlin - an attack that did not stop until the
end of WW2 (May 8/9th 1945) in Europe.
in Japan, the war continued, with atomic bombs being dropped twice, once
at Hiroshima (August 6th 1945) and once at Nagasaki (August 8th 1945).
These bombings devastated Japan so much that the country surrendered
unconditionally on September 2nd 1945 aboard the US ship Missouri in
Tokyo Bay, the end of WW2 history.
WW2 history - chronology -
the consequences of the Blitzkrieg (WW2 history from 1939 to
1st 1939: Germany invades Poland (detailed explanations can be found WW2: Begins)
3rd 1939: Great Britain, France, New Zealand, Australia and India
declare war on Germany
17th 1939: Poland is invaded again in the East by the Soviets, as agreed
in a secret pact with Germany
30th 1939: The Soviet Army invades Finland
12th 1940: Finland and Russia sign the Moscow Peace Treaty
1940 Allied forces land in Norway
5th 1940: The German army invades Belgium, the Netherlands and
1940: Italy joins the war with the Axis forces
1940: Paris occupied by the Germans
1940: Germany and France sign an armistace agreement
- July 10th
1940: The Battle of Britain begins (see aircraft for more information)
27th 1940 The Tripartite Pact between Germany, Italy and Japan is signed
28th 1940: Italy invades Greece
- April 6th
1941: Germany attacks Yugoslavia and Greece
- June 22nd
1941: Germany attacks the Soviet Union without a formal declaration of
war, launching Operation Barbarossa
- Winter of
1941-1942: the German advance on Moscow comes to a halt
7th 1941: Japanese aircraft raid the American naval base of Pearl Harbor
in the Pacific, beginning the war in the east
11th 1941: Germany and Italy declare war on the United States
25th 1941: Japan conquers Hong Kong
stage: the turning around of the war (WW2 history from 1942 to
31st 1943: in the southern district of Stalingrad, German troops
2nd 1943: in the northern district of Stalingrad the last units of the
German 6th Army surrender
- May 13th
1943: The German Afrika Corps and Italian soldiers capitulate in Tunisia
- May 24th
1943: The Battle of the Atlantic is a loss for the Germans as they lose
the U-Boat war
- July 10th
1943: Allied forces land in Sicily, launching Operation Husky
3rd 1943: Italy signs an armistice with the Allies
8th 1943: the war is over in Italy
13th 1943: Italy declares war on Germany
landing, retreat and surrender (WW2 history from 1943 to 1945)
14th 1943: at the Casablanca Conference, Roosevelt and Churchill agree
that the war must end with the “unconditional surrender” of Germany
1943: Germany suffers its first air raids on cities during the daytime
- June 6th
1944: Operation Overlord begins - Allied forces land on the beaches of
Normandy in France
15th 1944: Operation Dragoon begins - Allied forces begin landing on
beaches in the south of France
21st 1944: American troops occupy the German city of Aachen
24th/25th 1944: The Battle of Leyte Gulf - the largest battle conducted
in sea and air of all time
17th 1945: German armies retreat from Warsaw
13th/14th 1945: Dresden is bombed for two days
- March 9th
1945: The American air raids on Tokyo begin, destroying more than a
quarter of the city’s buildings.
16th 1945: The Red Army begins the assault on Berlin
29th 1945: German troops surrender in Italy
8th/9th 1945: Germany surrenders unconditionally, ending WW2 in
6th 1945: The atom bomb was dropped on Hiroshima
8th 1945: the atom bomb was dropped on Nagasaki
Japanese surrender on board Missouri in Tokyo Bay
WW2 history ends here, If you are looking for more information, you can
maybe you have a look at WW2
end or WW2 summary.
World War II: The Definitive Visual History
Very good book on the 2nd World War II,
which provides comprehensive information about the events
It gives an impressive overview
of the causes, progress, and the most important events during this period
(about 1200 stunning images). Important war aims and
strategies are explained, and portrays of important personalities are
included (as an example: Rommel and Churchill).
Not unimportant, the price is really
low, in our view for such a good illustrated book.
For more information and an option
to purchase at Amazon Click to the right.